bear

bear
bear1 [ber]
vt.
BORE, borne (see 3), bearing, bore, born [ME beren < OE beran < IE base * bher-, to carry, bring > L ferre, Gr pherein, Sans bharati, (he) bears]
1.
a) to hold and take along; carry; transport
b) to hold in the mind [to bear a secret]
2. to possess as a part, characteristic, attribute, etc.; have or show [the letter bore his signature]
3. to give birth to: the passive past participle in this sense is born when by does not follow
4. to bring forth; produce or yield [fruit-bearing trees, coal-bearing strata]
5. to support or hold up; sustain
6. to sustain the burden of; take on; take care of [to bear the cost]
7.
a) to undergo successfully; withstand; endure [her work won't bear scrutiny]
b) to put up with; tolerate [she can't bear him]
8. to call for; require [his actions bear watching]
9. to carry or conduct (oneself)
10. to carry over or hold (a sentiment) [to bear a grudge]
11. to bring and tell (a message, tales, etc.)
12. to move or push as if carrying [the crowd bore us along]
13. to give, offer, or supply [to bear witness]
vi.
1. to be productive [the tree bears well]
2.
a) to lie in a given direction [the lighthouse bears due east]
b) to point or be aimed toward: with on or upon [artillery deployed to bear on the fort]
c) to move in a given direction [bear right at the corner]
3. to have bearing (on); have a relation [his story bears on the crime]
4. to tolerate; put up patiently (with)
5. to be oppressive; weigh [grief bears heavily on her]
SYN.- CARRY
——————
bear a hand
1. to give help
2. Naut. get to work! help out! work faster!
——————
bear down
1. to press or push down; exert pressure
2. to make a strong effort
——————
bear down on
1. to press down on; exert pressure on
2. to make a strong effort toward accomplishing
3. to come or go toward; closely approach
——————
bear out
to show to be true; support or confirm
——————
bear up
to endure, as under a strain; keep up one's spirits
——————
bring to bear on or bring to bear upon
to cause to have an effect on [he brought his influence to bear on the lawmakers]
SYN.- BEAR1 implies a putting up with something that distresses, annoys, pains, etc., without suggesting the way in which one sustains the imposition; SUFFER suggests passive acceptance of or resignation to that which is painful or unpleasant; ENDURE implies a holding up against prolonged pain, distress, etc. and stresses stamina or patience; TOLERATE and the more informal STAND both imply self-imposed restraint of one's opposition to what is offensive or repugnant; BROOK2, a literary word, is usually used in the negative, suggesting determined refusal to put up with what is distasteful
bear2 [ber]
n.
pl. bears or bear [ME bere < OE bera < IE * bheros, brown animal < base * bher-, brown (> BROWN, BEAVER1, L fiber): orig. euphemism for taboo name prob. seen in L ursus]
1. any of a family (Ursidae) of large, heavy, omnivorous carnivores that walk flat on the soles of their feet and have shaggy fur and a very short tail: bears are native to temperate and arctic zones
2. a person who is clumsy, rude, gruff, churlish, etc.
3. [short for bearskin jobber < phr. to sell the bearskin, i.e., to sell the skin before the bear is caught] a person who believes prices on the stock or commodity markets are going to decline, esp. one who sells shares, etc. in the expectation of buying them later at a lower price: opposed to BULL1 (sense 3)
4. Slang a difficult task [checking these computer files is a real bear]
adj.
falling in price [a bear market]
——————
be a bear for punishment
to be able to withstand much rough treatment; be rugged, tough, determined, etc.
——————
the Bear
the constellation Ursa Major or Ursa Minor
bearlike
adj.

English World dictionary. . 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bear — (b[^a]r), v. t. [imp. {Bore} (b[=o]r) (formerly {Bare} (b[^a]r)); p. p. {Born} (b[^o]rn), {Borne} (b[=o]rn); p. pr. & vb. n. {Bearing}.] [OE. beren, AS. beran, beoran, to bear, carry, produce; akin to D. baren to bring forth, G. geb[ a]ren, Goth …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • bear — Ⅰ. bear [1] ► VERB (past bore; past part. borne) 1) carry. 2) have as a quality or visible mark. 3) support (a weight). 4) (bear oneself) behave in a specified manner: she bore herself w …   English terms dictionary

  • bear — bear; bear·a·ble; bear·baiting; bear·bine; bear·ish; bear·skin; bear·ward; bug·bear; cud·bear; for·bear·ance; for·bear·ant; for·bear·er; for·bear·ing·ly; for·bear·ing·ness; fore·bear; over·bear·ance; over·bear·ing·ly; bear·er; bear·ing; for·bear; …   English syllables

  • Bear — (b[^a]r), n. [OE. bere, AS. bera; akin to D. beer, OHG. bero, pero, G. b[ a]r, Icel. & Sw. bj[ o]rn, and possibly to L. fera wild beast, Gr. fh r beast, Skr. bhalla bear.] [1913 Webster] 1. (Zo[ o]l.) Any species of the genus {Ursus}, and of the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bear — (b[^a]r), v. i. 1. To produce, as fruit; to be fruitful, in opposition to barrenness. [1913 Webster] This age to blossom, and the next to bear. Dryden. [1913 Webster] 2. To suffer, as in carrying a burden. [1913 Webster] But man is born to bear.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • bear — vb 1 *carry, convey, transport, transmit Analogous words: *move, remove, shift, transfer: hold, *contain 2 Bear, produce, yield, turn out are comparable when they mean to bring forth as products. Bear usually implies a giving birth to offspring… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Bear — (engl. Bär ) steht für: Mount Bear, Berg in Alaska Tupolew Tu 95 „Bear“, ein sowjetischen Langstreckenbomber Mitglieder der Bear Community Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Bear (Arkansas) Bear (Delaware) Bear (Idaho) Bear (Washington) Bear ist… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • bear — / bar/ vb bore / bōr/, borne, / bōrn/, also, born vt 1: to physically carry (as an object or message) the right of the people to keep and bear arms U.S. Constitution amend. II …   Law dictionary

  • BEAR — (Heb. דֹּב; dov). In ancient times the Syrian brown bear, Ursus arctos syriacus, had its habitat within the borders of Ereẓ Israel; it was found in the forests of Lebanon until World War I and is still occasionally reported in Lebanon and… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • BEAR — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Bear peut désigner : le nom breton du village de Bégard ; un terme en anglais pour : ours ou porter ; la ville de Bear, aux États… …   Wikipédia en Français

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